Coronavirus (COVID-19)- Prevention over Panicking

Coronavirus (COVID-19)- Prevention over Panicking

Dear MoMsters we know that you might be worried about coronavirus, and we are here to explain what the coronavirus is and how to fight with it.

Coronavirus are a large family of virus that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases like Pneumonia.

COVID-19 appeared in Wuhan, a city in China, in December 2019 and it is likely to spread many countries and many people are affected which includes Italy, the USA, Spain, Germany, Iran, France, South Korea, UK, and India.

Now dear MoMsters all I want to say is people of all ages can be infected by COVID-19. However my request is to take care older people and kids whose immune system is still developing, and particularly people with conditions like heart diseases, asthma are more vulnerable to the virus.

Coming to Symptoms:
There is still lots of confusion in the minds of people what exactly the symptoms of coronavirus are?
Because sometimes it resembles like the common cold and it finds very difficult to differentiate.
No confusion, we will help you to recognize exact symptoms.
The symptoms will be like respiratory viral fever for 85% of the population. If you have flu or cold 1st thing you should do is isolate yourself and follow your symptoms.

DAY 1-3—The symptoms will be similar to normal cold and flu.

-The patient will experience fever and they will experience mild throat pain or no throat pain at all.

 People with the weakest immune system may experience nausea & diarrhea.

DAY 4 —–The throat pain of infected person increases.

Voice of patients becomes sore.

-Raise in body temperature above 99.7 degrees F.

-Mild headache and mild diarrhea.

DAY 5 —- There is intense pain in the throat.
 Pain while eat or drink.
 Soreness of voice increases.
 Body pain and joint pain.

DAY 6 ———– Fever is still mild.
 Dry cough with painful throat.
 Painful throat while eating, swallowing or talking.
 Feeling of being exhausted and severe nausea.
 Occasionally the patient face difficulty in breathing.
 The intensity of diarrhea and vomiting increases.

DAY 7———– Fever increases up to 100.4 F. 
 Excessive coughing with sputum.
 Headache, diarrhea, body pain and vomiting worsens.
 Loss of appetite.

DAY 8 ————- Severe difficulty in breathing.
 The chest becomes very heavy.
 Coughing increases.

 Loss of taste and smell

DAY 9 ———— All of the symptoms starts getting worse.

This list of symptoms was released by the ministry of health, Singapore.
Severe Symptoms include – difficulty breathing, pain in the chest, bluish lips or face.
Finally if you ever feel the three symptoms Fever, Cough and shortness of breath seek medical attention immediately.
It is noticed that symptoms are showing up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus.

Who is at more risk?
 Immuno compromised individuals
 Chronic disorders – Bronchial Asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular patients.
 Old age people.

How is the mode of Transmission?
There is only one thing you need to understand about a coronavirus spread. The virus spreads when a sick person cough or sneezes and a droplets from a sick person get into your eyes, nose, mouth of an healthy person or when a healthy person touching contaminated objects.

It is always said that prevention is better than cure.
 Wash your hands with antimicrobial soap thoroughly, wash upto elbow and wash between fingers, back of your hands for 20 seconds.

 Wash the face mask after every use, because sometimes sick person saliva can even get on the outside of your face mask.

• If using disposable mask throw away within 6-7 hours, because bacteria can grow on the insides of your mask if you wear them too long.

• If using a washable mask, do not touch the front portion of mask and wash it after every use.

 Do not share towels, spoon, utensils, food etc.

 Always wash your hands with soap before you eat and after being out in the public.

 The sick person’s saliva can get on anything’s such as their hands, doorknobs, train straps, pens, mobile, lift button, stair banisters, etc. and if you touch any of these things by accident and then touch your face, rub eyes, you might fall sick.
(It is said that virus can last for upto 24 hours on objects and do not worry the only solution is to wash your hands with antimicrobial soap for 20 secs and please teach your kids how to wash hands).

 If you find someone who is coughing, sneezing/sick, please keep 2m of distance away from them.
(Advice those to use a mask when they are sick).

 It’s better to avoid traveling in a crowded place because you don’t know who might be sick.
(Remember people who are infected can show no symptoms but are still infectious).

 Dear working parents please be unsocial: If possible work from home which helps your kids as well as you.

 Avoid parties, meeting people, public transport, salon, crowded place. And be at home till everything settles down. What the future beholds for us, nobody knows, it’s good to be ready for worse, we already have examples of other countries who suffer to get daily routine, so dear MoMsters stock some basic things at your home like food which won’t get spoiled easily and also necessary medicines for kids and pregnant ladies.

 Try to isolate children and elders as much as possible.

“Include immune-boosting foods in your daily diet for a healthy immune system, such as ginger, garlic, turmeric, and among fruits – Kiwi, oranges, papaya, lemon and vegetables like – spinach, broccoli, carrot, beetroot, and nuts. However, immune-boosting foods will not stop you from getting COVID-19 infection, but these foods helps for healthy immune system to fight against COVID-19 during treatment.”

Persons infected with coronavirus can recover from the disease if their body and immune system support during hospital treatment, but till now there is no certain specific treatment protocol published by WHO.

Dear MoMsters it is very important to understand that panicking won’t help its time to think smart and work accordingly by following necessary precautions.

Common Cold in kids and home remedies to cure it !

Common Cold in kids and home remedies to cure it !

Want to try few home remedies for your kids’ cold and cough? Try according to instruction given. Let us know if it worked?

I hope if you are reading this article that means you want to explore more about cold and cough or your baby is suffering with it and you want to know some good homemade remedies. Let us go one by one !!

Some of the home remedies to ease the symptoms are:

running nose in kids

  •  First, make your infant comfortable. Provide him/her extra rest and an increased amount of fluids. baby is comfortable during coldIf you find nasal congestion during cold, use saline nasal drops that are available in medical stores. [Dosages – 3 hours once, 2 drops in each nostril.]
  • Steam inhalation

Steam InhalationIf the infant is more than 1 year old give steam inhalation 3 times per day. (Trust me it really loosens mucus in the nose and eases nasal congestion and sinus symptoms).

Note: have a careful look at babies while making them inhale; they should not get burnt by hot steam.

  • Mustard oil massage

Massaging kidDuring the cold period, give mustard oil massage before bath (recommended for both babies & toddlers).

During bedtime, warm mustard oil with small pieces of garlic cloves dipped in it should be massaged.Cloves in mustard oil for massage in cold

Apply mustard oil on betel leaves and slightly warm the leaf on low heat. Place the warm betel leaves on the chest area and also on the back of the kid.

beetle leaf in cold[By doing this you will notice baby stool with mucus – i.e. removing phlegm from chest congestion.] beetle leaf and mustard oil for cold

The phenol present in betel leaves contains anti-inflammatory & antiseptic properties that provide quick relief from chest congestion.

  • Medicinal Extracts:

Tulasi and karpur extract for coldPrepare Tulsi ( Ocimum tenuiflorum) extract and karpuravalli (Plectranthus amboinicus) extract.

[Dosage: 3 ml/per day for babies of 6, months and above and 5 ml for toddlers once in the morning (before morning food)]

Tulsi and Karpuravalli is an excellent cure for cough & cold.

  • A very simple & effective method is  Ginger (Zingiber officinale) rasa with a pinch of turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder whichGinger in cold reduces cough & cold. [Recommended for babies 6 months and above].
  • Turmeric+Honey in Warm GheeAdd pinch of turmeric (Curcuma longa) and honey in warm ghee. This (honey) is recommended for babies of 1 year and above.  It gives immediate relaxation in cough. Turmeric and Honey Note: This remedy is quite effective as one of our momsters use it whenever required. If you need more detail, kindly post your query in the comment section.
  • Breastfeeding

Breast feedingLast but not least, “Breastfeeding your baby will provide antibodies & enzymes that help to protect against illness”.

Note: Home remedies for common cold should be followed only for 4 days, if still cold persists, please consult the pediatrician.

So, dear Momsters, these all are tried and tested by various moms. Please do let us know in the comment section if you have used any of these remedies and how did it work.

Happy Motherhood!

Vaccination-Gift Your Child A Life-Time Protection From Diseases.

Vaccination-Gift Your Child A Life-Time Protection From Diseases.

Dear Momsters, as a parent, you will be wondering, why vaccinating your kiddo is so important !!

Some parents think that their baby’s immune system is immature and cannot handle vaccination at such a young age. But, the fact is, as soon as they are born, babies effectively start dealing with trillions of bacteria and viruses. The challenges to their immune system from vaccines are tiny compared to the everyday challenges of living!

Concept of Vaccination:

The vaccine is a biological preparation that resembles a disease-causing microbe, generally made of dead or weak microbes. When vaccinated our immune system creates a memory of a disease-causing organism (virus, bacteria), and produces antibodies which fights any further attack of microbes.

Getting your child vaccinated on time will help in protecting him or her against several diseases.

There is a saying – “Prevention is better than cure”

Certain diseases have no treatment, such as smallpox, polio, hence vaccination is a boon for us.

Where should I go to have my child vaccinated?

Any Paediatric clinic and also government hospital in India will provide few free vaccinations for your child. For your reference, we are providing the vaccination chart.

Vaccination should be started from birth until 12 years.

Tuberculosis, Polio, Rotavirus, Gastroenteritis, Tetanus, Haemophilus Influenza type B, Diphtheria, Whooping Cough, Hepatitis B, Pneumococcal infection, Flu and Measles are the vaccinations that your child will be protected against.

Note: Before deciding which vaccine doses to provide, kindly show to paediatrician your child’s previous immunization status.

Dear MoMsters, we hope, if you are reading this blog, you should be in a position to understand why vaccines are so important to the health and well-being.

BCG Vaccine

The BCG vaccination is given to all the children after birth to prevent Tuberculosis (TB).

Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, transmitted by the airborne route (cough/sneeze or dust particles). Commonly affects the lungs.

Rotavirus Vaccine

Rotavirus infects nearly every child before their 5th birthday. Rotavirus in children can lead to severe diarrhoea, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and metabolic acidosis. 

Rotavirus transmission is by faecal-oral spread, both through a close person – to – person contact and by fomites (such as toys and other environmental surfaces contaminated by stool). It is also transmitted through faecal, contaminated food /water and respiratory droplets.

Rotavirus vaccination is given to all infants of 6 weeks to  24 weeks in age.

Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)

Polio is a disease caused by the genus Enterovirus from the Picornaviridae family. Polio can paralyze arms, legs and breathing muscles.

Transmission occurs in areas of poor sanitation, where there are contaminated water and food.

You can protect your child from polio with vaccination.

All children should get 3 doses of polio vaccines (starting at 2 months of age) and a booster dose at 4 -6 years old.


Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the throat and nose.

It spreads from one person to another through droplets of moisture coughed into the air.

Diphtheria can be prevented by vaccination. In children, less than 5 years who are not vaccinated, the mortality rate can be as high as 20 %.


Tetanus results from a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium tetani.

C.tetani spores can be found in the soil and in the intestine and faeces of many household and farm animals and humans.

The bacteria usually enter the human body through a puncture in skin/wounds.

Tetanus directly affects the Central nervous system followed by muscles contract and making it rigid, and stiffness of the neck, difficulty in swallowing and stiffness of the abdominal muscles.

There is no cure for tetanus once a person develops symptoms.

Hence prevention through immunization is necessary.

Pertussis (whooping cough)

Pertussis is caused by bacteria. You or your child can get pertussis by breathing in bacteria from an infected person who coughs or sneezes near you.

Pertussis normally starts with symptoms of a cold like a stuffy and runny nose. You might also have a mild fever or cough. Your cough will get much worse after 1 or 2 weeks. Many children have hard and fast coughing that causes a whooping sound.

Pertussis is very serious for babies because they are not always able to fight this infection. Babies less than 1-year-old will have breathing problem and pneumonia (an infection in the lungs).

Most adults do not have severe symptoms of the disease and do not realize their cold is pertussis. Adults can easily pass this infection to a child unknowingly. 

Even pregnant ladies are given a Tdap vaccine to protect their babies. Tdap is a form of tetanus. 

The vaccine that also has the pertussis vaccine is given in the same shot.

[All children,  at the early stage of 2 months, and adults need protection against these three diseases – Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis (Whooping Cough) – DTap. Routine booster doses are also needed throughout life]

Haemophilus influenza Type B (Hib)

Hib is the common cause of life-threatening bacterial infection in children.

The bacteria are spread by an infected person sneezing or coughing respiratory droplets into the air, which are inhaled by another person.

A person with Hib disease may develop Meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain), pneumonia, epiglottitis, bacteraemia, infects the joints, bones, lungs, skin, neck, urinary tract and other organs.

Vaccines are available for children more than 6 weeks of age. It is important to start the doses on time because infants are particularly vulnerable to this infection.

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)

Most of the parents are not aware of pneumococcal vaccines, many tries to skip this particular vaccine, just assuming it is not of much importance.

But dear parents, this disease is easily transmitted to infants and young children.

Pneumococcal disease is caused by a bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria are dispersed into the air when infected people cough or sneeze and are inhaled by the person.

Pneumococcus infection includes pneumonia, meningitis, middle ear infection, sinusitis and bacteraemia.

PCV vaccine protects the children against this disease.

Hepatitis B Vaccine (Hep B)

The Hepatitis B virus attacks the liver and causes serious damage. Hepatitis B is a deadly disease but it’s preventable with vaccination.

Babies can get hepatitis B virus from their infected mother at birth and children can get if they live with an infected person or even if they share the water, food contaminated by an infected person.

All newborn should get Hep B vaccine.

Hepatitis A Vaccine (Hep A)

Hepatitis A is a viral disease transmitted through food that comes in contact with contaminated faeces.

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hep A is caused by the HAV virus (Hepatitis A Virus).

Children are routinely vaccinated between their first and second birthdays. Adults who have not been vaccinated previously and want to get protected against hepatitis A can also get the vaccine.

Typhoid Vaccine

Typhoid is a serious disease. It is caused by bacteria called Salmonella Typhi.

People get typhoid from contaminated food or water.

Typhoid symptoms are high fever, weakness, stomach pain, headache, loss of appetite, fatigue and sometimes a rash.

Typhoid vaccine can prevent typhoid.



Measles is an acute childhood infectious disease caused by a virus.

The virus is transmitted from person to person through coughing or sneezing.

Symptoms are usually fever, runny nose, cough, loss of appetite, pink eye and a rash.

MMR vaccine is given to prevent.



Varicella Vaccine

Varicella (Chickenpox) is caused by the Varicella zoster virus.

Chickenpox is usually mild, but it can be serious in infants who are 12 months of age or less.

Symptoms of chickenpox include skin infections, rashes, fever, inflammation of blood vessels, tiredness, loss of appetite, headache.

Generally, 2 doses of varicella vaccine are given at the age of 12th to 15th months and the second at age of 4th to 6th years.

Talk to your paediatrician for more details.

Flu shot

The flu vaccine is available but it does not cover all cough and cold viruses. Since flu is seasonal,  a person has to take it yearly.

Flu is most commonly caused by the influenza virus. It is transmitted when the infected person coughs or sneezes, they spread the flu virus in tiny droplets of saliva over a wide area.

The best time to take flu vaccination is in July and August.

Who should consider having the flu vaccination?

  • Pregnant women benefit from the flu vaccine because it will reduce their risk of serious complications, in the later stages of pregnancy.
  • The flu vaccine is safe for anyone 6 months of age and older.
  • This vaccine is also safe for breastfeeding mother. A breastfeeding mother can pass on antibodies made in response to the flu shot through their breast milk.

Flu shots are usually given once in a year.





HPV Vaccine

The HPV vaccine prevents infection from Human papillomavirus types that are associated with many cancers including cervical cancer.

HPV is generally recommended for girl child at 11 or 12 years of age, but it may be given at the beginning of  9 years till the age of 26 (before marriage).

Few points to be noted:

  • Do not get your baby vaccinated if your baby is sick, having an infection or running a high temperature. Once he/she recovers, go for it.
  • Vaccination is safe and well tolerated. Mild side effects are fever, soreness at the injection site, pain. But do not worry MoMsters these generally heal quickly.

Few remedies to heal mild side effects after vaccination (collected by asking many other Momsters) :

  • On swelling part sponge with an ice cube wrapped in a cotton cloth, generally swelling will be there for 1 or 2 days.
  • If the baby is less than 6 month, breastfeeding can make them comfortable.
  • Only if fever crosses 100 F then give crocin or paracetamol drops as per doctor’s suggestion.
  • Few doctors prescribe gel to apply on the swollen area. Kindly consult a doctor regarding this.
  • In addition to vaccination, additional measures to protect children are adequate nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding, reducing pollution.

We hope that after going through the post you might have known the importance of each vaccine and felt relaxed. Please consult your paediatrician if your child is not up to date with all recommended vaccines. 

Please feel free to post your query/comment.