Oral Thrush in Babies and Toddlers

Oral Thrush in Babies and Toddlers

My baby is fussy and refuses to feed, when checked, white patches were there on the tongue and inner cheeks; this was the common issue faced by many parents.

First of all, what is Oral thrush?

Oral thrush is a yeast infection of the tongue and mouth, which is common in babies, children, and older adults. This thrush is caused by a type of fungus called Candida.

Do you want to know the appearance of oral thrush? Let’s check out: Usually it is white or yellowish-white patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, and top palate of the mouth. Those white patches cannot be removed or loosen when wiped or rinsed with water.

Do not panic, know the causes of oral thrush:

  • Generally, in younger babies, the infection can be passed between a mother and baby during breastfeeding.
  • Candida growth can happen if the baby is given antibiotics for a bacterial infection recently or if the mother has had antibiotics and has been breastfeeding the baby. Antibiotics can harm the good bacterium which leads to the development of yeast infection.
  • Frequent uses of a pacifier.
  • If a child has a weaker immune system
  • Use of steroid medicines.
  • Thrush passes through the birth canal of a mother, the vagina often has small amounts of candida naturally.

 Symptoms of Oral Thrush:

  • As I earlier mentioned it is white or yellowish-white patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, and top palate of the mouth.
  • Some babies have pain and some don’t.
  • Babies find it difficult to swallow and refuses to feed.
  • Younger babies show fussiness and colic due to discomfort caused by thrush.
  • Children report soreness or burning in their mouth.
  • Toddlers or children experience bad taste or develop loss of taste.
  • Sometimes slight bleeding is visible.

What are the symptoms faced by breastfeeding mother:

If the baby or mother get infected, the cycle of transmission is possible. In that case, both you and your baby should get treated.

  • You may feel your nipples are sore and red.
  • Burning sensation in or around your nipples.
  • Flaking skin around your nipples.
  • Pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding.

Consult a doctor if your child:

  • Is younger and has a fever of more than 100°F.
  • Has symptoms that don’t get better.
  • Stops eating or drinking.
  • Any other symptoms which are bothering the child.

The white patches in the mouth can be like other health conditions too. Make sure you check with the doctor for further diagnosis.

Remedies:

  • Generally, doctors suggest an antifungal solution, which is applied by painting it on the inside of the mouth and tongue.
  • For breastfeeding, mother antifungal ointment is provided to apply on your nipples.
  • For toddlers or children, adding yogurt to their diet helps. Yogurt which generally contains lactobacilli is beneficial. Usually, a healthy immune system and some good bacteria control the amount of fungus in the body.
  • With doctors’ consultation provide immunity-boosting syrup depending on the child’s age.

Prevention:

  • If you are giving formula feed or giving a pacifier, thoroughly clean the nipples and pacifiers in hot water or a dishwasher after each use. And also toys to be sterilized which they generally puts in mouth. This helps, if there’s yeast on the nipple, toys, or pacifier, your baby won’t be reinfected.
  • Do not store used milk, discard, and prepare freshly each time.
  • Older children provide a nutritious diet.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing teeth twice a day.
  • Replace toothbrush after the treatment of oral thrush.
  • Check whether your child washes his or her hands often.
  • Wash drinking bottles and cups using warm water and soap after each use.
  • For breastfeeding mother, wipe your nipple with warm water before and after feeding and keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. Usually, moisture creates favorable conditions for fungus to grow, hence wear breathable inner wear.

Dear MoMsters I hope after reading this article, you can handle the symptoms of oral thrush and please do prevent before it affects your child.

 

Activity for 6-7 year old- Plant Activity

Activity for 6-7 year old- Plant Activity

Beginning of Scientific thinking for your little one

Dear MoMsters, teaching about plants is one of the primitive types of science that children can understand.

Before starting the activity explain your child and ask them to think about what do we need in order to grow? Tell them we humans need – healthy food, water, air (oxygen), a place to live, and grow.

In the same pattern, plants need soil, water, and sunlight to grow.

And teach your child to water a plant using a spray bottle, and randomly tell them how water travels through plants, how we get oxygen, how plants breathe. (Of course, the final goal of performing the act of  gardening with kids is to encourage them for healthy eating)

Materials needed for this activity.

  • White plain paper
  • Pen
  • Glue
  • Seeds (you can collect from green peas)
  • Flowers (rose, hibiscus, etc.)
  • Stem (can get stem from spinach)
  • Leaves (spinach leaves)
  • Roots (can get roots from spinach or coriander plants)
  • Tray (to keep all the plant’s parts)

Procedure:

  • Dear parents let us involve our kids with real plants and their parts, ask them to gather some parts of the plant, and to label them. (To know what to gather, please check materials needed from the above-mentioned points).
  • Prepare a worksheet and start writing parts of the plant (Seed, Flowers, Stem, Leaves, and Roots).
  • Make your child observe the real plant parts and introduce them to each part’s name.
  • Let your child read the parts and glue (label) them accordingly.
  • Hope your child will match with the correct parts.

This activity is great for the first and second graders kids! It will boost their imagination power.  Enjoy valuable & fun activities.

 

Have an engaging Week ahead for kids. 

Saffron During Pregnancy:Benefits,Uses and Side Effects.

Saffron During Pregnancy:Benefits,Uses and Side Effects.

“Add saffron beta in your milk and drink every day, the baby will become fair” 

Dear MoMsters hope you could relate to the above statement.

As soon as you announce the news of being pregnant, your family, friends, well-wishers start suggesting about your diet, among that the very famous myth is, use of saffron for the fairer complexion of the baby.

The fact is that your baby’s skin color is decided by his/her genes that he/she inherits from you and your spouse.

During my pregnancy, I didn’t believe it wholeheartedly but still followed the suggestion because sometimes we cannot ignore elders’ suggestions, also they are experienced and I thought to listen to them; however, with my experience, I would like to suggest to get a second opinion from doctor, in that way one can avoid misunderstanding without hurting their ego.

According to many health practitioners, consuming more saffron leads to uterus contraction and it doesn’t have any effect on baby complexion.

But still there are some benefits of saffron, they are rich in antioxidants, it decreases mood swings and cramps during pregnancy. So it’s better to take saffron on gynecologists’ suggestion.

How to use:

Recipe:

Saffron is generally consumed during night by adding 2 strands of saffron in a cup of warm milk and kept aside for 5 to 10 minutes; you can also add sugar for taste.

Points to be noted while taking Saffron:

  • Saffron should be consumed only after the 5th month of pregnancy.
  • Don’t take excess saffron, as saffron causes heat problems.
  • Always go for good quality saffron and check for ISI mark and government approval. Avoid buying saffron that is sold loose.
  • Remember to check the expiry date of the product.                                                                           

And lastly, I request all the mothers regardless of the complexion, love your baby unconditionally!  Moreover pray god for normal delivery and healthy baby rather than for a fairer complexion.

We suggest you to consume fruits like Apple (high in fiber and a good source of vitamin A, C & potassium), Pomegranate (maintains hemoglobin levels), Orange (excellent source of vitamin C) all these fruits helps a mother to be healthy and hydrated, which in turn results in the healthy and good skin tone of mother & baby. Apart from this, pregnant women should add iron-rich foods like – Legumes, Green, and leafy vegetables.

Ok, MoMsters hope this content helps you. Please feel free to share your feedback and experience. Thank you.

Happy Pregnancy 

Activity for 2-3 years old kids. Playful Math- 1

Activity for 2-3 years old kids. Playful Math- 1

Playful math – Part 1

Developing Math Skills:

Dear MoMsters, with simple materials and a little planning, today we are going to give you a small idea, with which you can help your child learn math skills at an earlier stage by having fun all together and which in turn will boost their natural curiosity.

Counting steps as you go up or down the staircase.

Number skills are foundational for later mathematics learning, you can teach children early math skills through their daily routines and activities. For example, help your child to count steps as they go up or down the staircase or for older kids to ask them to climb a certain number.

What is required for the activity?

  • Chalk piece.
  • Staircases.
  • Parents support.

The objective of this game is very simple:learning numbers

  • With the help of chalk, write numbers on each step.
  • At the initial stage, start writing numbers from 1 to 9.
  • As you move up the stairs count them with your child, by showing each number. (If your child loses interest in recognizing number then do not force them to do, at least walk together while calling out the number by climbing each step).
  • Try this activity once a day and numbering should not exceed more than 9, as the child would get tired while climbing up the stairs.learning numbers

Note: Parents should not leave the child alone to climb the stairs; the activity should be done under the parent’s supervision.

“Be patient MoMsters, this activity will take some time to show a better result. One day, all of a sudden you will be amused to see that your child learned some concepts and repeating the numbers just to show you how intelligent are they.” They are, aren’t they? 🙂

 

6 Months Old Baby Food Chart Along with Recipes.

6 Months Old Baby Food Chart Along with Recipes.

Hello dear MoMsters your baby is 6 months old? Wohoooo 🙂 🙂  Congratulations for achieving this milestone, now this is the right time for your baby to start semi-solid foods!

For all nuclear families, who are a little bit confused about how to introduce solids to a 6-month baby, then keep calm, and read this blog. 

Few tips to be taken care of while starting Solids for the first time.

  • Make sure you are not stopping the breastfed as it is still the major diet for 6 months old.
  • Use stainless steel or silver cup for feeding; do not use any plastic product.
  • Make sure that your baby’s feeding utensils are clean and sterilized with hot water, because your baby’s immune system is still weak and baby is vulnerable to infection, hence maintain hygiene.
  • Prefer homemade foods over buying packaged or ready-made foods available in the market, because homemade is the safest and the healthiest.
  • While feeding avoids giving gadgets like mobile or other radiation-emitting substances, which is not good for the baby’s overall development.

All about food tips:

  • Baby’s first food should be semi-liquid, gradually move to a thick consistency as your baby learned to eat.
  • At 6 months, do not introduce non-veg and dairy products.
  • Avoid biscuits, sugar, salt, honey, cow milk till 1 year.
  • Do not mix 2 fruits or 2 veggies.
  • Initially, the purees must be in flowing consistency.
  • After feeding food, give warm water; do not give water from feeding bottles. Use a small cup or glass.
  • You should introduce one new food at a time for your baby, and wait for a minimum of 2 to 3 days before starting another item. This will also help you to understand about any food item that is causing allergy/indigestion in your baby.

How do you know that your baby has an allergy to a particular food?

If a food doesn’t suit your baby, your baby may show the following symptoms:

  • Diarrhea
  • Runny nose
  • Rashes
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Colic (stomach pain)

If any of the above symptoms are seen, stop using that food and consult your child’s doctor.

Quantity of food:

  • 2 tbsp. of fruit or veg puree, you can gradually increase to 3 tbsp. in the second week.
  • 2 tbsp. of cereal, you can gradually increase to 1/4 cup.

 It’s always better to be guided with your baby’s hunger, as appetite varies from day to day.

First 2 weeks just stick to Breakfast and Lunch. Observe how does his digestive system react and 3rd week onwards start adding semi-solid food for dinner too.

Slowly by 7th month you will get a little idea of his hunger pattern.

Food Plan:

After baby wakes up in the morning, breastfeeding is necessary and provides breakfast only after 1 and half hour gap.

Breakfast: 8 AM fruit Puree or veg puree

You can give mashed banana [Banana variety: I usually give baby (Nino) banana variety which is short chubby banana, because elders say bigger thick-skinned banana can cause wheezing and phlegm problem in babies], / steamed and peeled apple puree / steamed & mashed chikku / steamed pear puree / mashed papaya / ripen avocado mashed / carrot puree.

After 2 – 3 hours gap breastfeeding.         

Lunch: 1 PM.

1st week – Rice porridge (the consistency of food should be flowing type not thicker one).

2nd week – clear moong dal soup.

3rd week – ragi porridge.

4th week – Semolina/Suji/Rava + banana porridge.

After 2 – 3 hours gap breastfed.

4th week onwards repeat any of these recipes for dinner, but do not give moong dal soup for dinner in order to avoid digestion issues.

Suggested Daily Milk Intakes for Babies:

  • 0-3 Months of age: breastfeed every 1-2 hours once.
  • 4-5 Months of age: breastfeed every 2 hours once.
  • 6-8 Months of age: breastfeed or formula feed every 3-4 hours.
  • 9-12 Months of age: breastfeed or formula feed every 4-5 hours once.

“Dear MoMsters these are just guidelines that might give you an idea about introducing solid food, when & what to feed. And these are hourly routines, check the appetite of your baby and feed accordingly.

If the baby doesn’t like food, wait for a few weeks before introducing it again. Don’t force your baby to complete the entire cup; it will take some couple of months to adjust with the food.”

Semolina/Suji/Rava + banana porridge:

Ingredients:

  • Roasted fine rava/suji – 2 tbsp.
  • Hot Water – ½ cup.
  • Banana – ¼ pieces.

Method:

  • (If your baby doesn’t like the texture of suji, make it to a powder by grinding in a blender.)
  • Sterilize the feeding bowl and spoon in a hot water for 5 mins.
  • Take 2 tbsp. of roasted suji in a saucepan to add the required amount of hot water to the suji and mix slowly. Make sure that there are no lumps formed. Cook the suji in medium flame until cooked completely.
  • At last step, you can add a natural sweetener like mashed banana, to the porridge. Mix well and feed the baby.

Ragi porridge:

Ragi is a rich source of iron and calcium. It is one of the best baby foods which is easily digestible and enhances immunity.

Ingredients:

  • The required amount of Ragi seeds to make powder.
  • Formula milk as needed.
  • ½ cup of water.

Method:

  • Take ragi seeds, wash them thoroughly, and put them under sun dry.
  • Roast the dried seeds in a medium flame, cool them, and then grind it finely to make a powder.
  • In a cooking pan add 2 tbsp. of ragi powder and sauté for about one minute.
  • Then pour a half cup of water and break the lumps by continuously stirring.
  • Cook till it reaches semi-thick consistency.
  • Cool and mix formula milk as needed.
  • Serve immediately as formula milk mixed.
  • You can also skip formula milk, just prepare with the help of water for consistency.

Hope, this information might have given you all some idea about introducing solid to your baby.

These are very exciting phases. Make it more memorable by adding more delicious food for your baby.

Cheers !!